Renewable energy source cooperatives


Benjamin Huybrechts, Thomas Bauwens, Julie Rijpens

In the context of:

"REScoop 20-20-20" EU-funded research project


EMES (EU), Cooperatives Europe (EU), Ecopower (B), Enercoop (Fr), Avanzi (It), ODE (Nl), Energy4All (UK), EWS (De), Middelgrunden (Dk), (B), ALIenergy (UK), Confcooperative (It)


This research aims to identify the specificity of Renewable Energy Source Cooperatives (REScoops) and their role in the institutionalisation of the renewable energy sector. Three issues are more particularly explored:

- the relevance and the potential of the cooperative model in the renewable energy sector, the development of distributed generation technologies, and more broadly the energy transition

- the strategies implemented by cooperatives to influence the institutional landscape and to legitimize their specific and "hybrid" organizational model in the eyes of several stakeholders such as public authorities (typically the EU institutions), energy businesses, civil society actors (environmentalist movements) and the general public (including potential buyers and investors).

Main publication:

Bauwens, T. 2013. 'What roles for energy cooperatives in the diffusion of distributed generation technologies?'. Submitted to Ecological Economics.

Bauwens, T. 2013. 'Integrating the weight of history into the alignment framework: the case of distributed generation technologies'. Submitted to Competition and Regulation in Network Industries.

Huybrechts, B., Haugh, H. & Rijpens, J. (2013), “Cooperation Matters: How Networks Build Legitimacy for Hybrid Organizations”, HEC Management School Working Paper.

Huybrechts, B. & Mertens, S. (2014), “The relevance of the cooperative model in the field of renewable energy in Europe”, Annals of Public & Cooperative Economics.